Whiplash causes pain over the entire neck and, depending on the direction of impact, can also affect the low back and shoulders.

Pain occurs at the front and of back of the neck, radiating into the base of the skull, shoulders and as far down as between the the shoulder blades. During a road traffic accident, the body is suddenly pushed or accelerated forward, but the head remains behind momentarily, rocking up and back. This causes the joints to impact, stretching muscles and ligaments in and around the front of the neck. These muscles, in a reflex action, contract to bring the head forward again, to prevent excessive injury. However, as the car decelerates the head is then thrown forward, causing the muscles in the front of the neck to over compensate, stretching and tearing more muscles and ligaments in the back of the neck and upper back.

One symptom of whiplash is massive inflammation and muscle spasm, causing restricted movement and disturbed sleep. Using a combination of therapies, I aim to reduce the spasm and inflammation, returning sleep quality and movement as quickly as possible. A full examination also addresses any injuries which the patient may not be aware of, such as shoulder or low back injury.